Blepharitis is a very common condition and usually affects both eyes. It is an inflammation of the eyelids along the line of the lashes and although not serious, it can be very uncomfortable and lead to other complications such as styes, dry eye and conjunctivitis and in extreme cases the cornea can be affected, if left untreated. It is typically persistent (chronic) so regular and routine care is needed.

There are two types of blepharitis:

  • Anterior blepharitis. This is when inflammation of the skin around the lashes occurs. The lashes may also be involved. The cause is either a bacterial infection (staphylococcus, which is commonly found on the skin but in some patients causes the localised infection on the eyelids) or it can also be associated with seborrheic dermatitis or rosacea.
  • Posterior blepharitis. This involves the meibomian glands located behind the lashes. Meibomian gland dysfunction is where these glands are blocked and can lead to dry eye syndrome and inflammation of the eyelids.

It is often difficult to differentiate between the two causes and in reality some patients will exhibit both types.


  • Sore inflamed eyelids
  • Itchy eyelid at the edge of the eyelids and at the base of the eyelashes
  • Tiny crusts or flakes visible at the base of the eyelashes
  • Sticky lids due to discharge, particularly on waking in the mornings
  • Blockage of the tiny meibomian glands along the eyelid margins


There are specific solutions, wipes and hot compresses that will help with treating blepharitis. Because the condition is chronic, once the initial inflammation has cleared regular use of the products will keep the blepharitis at bay. In extreme cases antibiotics or steroid creams may be required.

At Unia Opticians, we have arrange of products available to treat blepharitis and will be happy to advise patients on the best course of action. For further advice, call us on 0207 222 0066 or email us at